Cramps are characterized by sudden pain and tightening of leg muscles. Commonly occur in the muscles of the calf and quadriceps (thigh muscles), and usually last a few seconds. Sometimes it takes several minutes for the muscles to relax and return to original position. Once the legs are relaxed then the muscle pain subsides.
Here are the commonest causes of leg cramps:
– Lack of minerals
– Tired muscles
– Poor circulation
– Unwanted effects due to consuming certain medicaments.
Even the most experienced swimmers get muscle cramps while in the water.
The most commonly recommended advice, when you get cramp in the muscle, is to relax, but you cannot relax while swimming, because you have to come to the shallow water.
Anyhow, if you get cramp while swimming, here is what you need to do:
1. Massage the affected muscle while maintaining your head above the water.
2. Get out of the water as soon as possible.
3. After 5minutes, if the cramp is still affecting you, continue to massage the muscle.
4. As long as the pain affects you and the muscle relaxes do not continue swimming.