It has been scientifically proved that reduced number of electrolytes, such as calcium, magnesium and potassium can lead to often leg cramp occurrence. Most often, they are decreased due to increased sweating or use of diuretics. Magnesium and calcium are the most common minerals that cause cramping and thus they often are the fastest excreted electrolytes from the body.
Besides the fact that lack of minerals causes leg cramps, it can also cause degenerative changes in the joints of the foot, improper seating or some diseases of the locomotor apparatus. Cramps can be prevented with good exercise, good circulation, drinking at least a liter and a half of water a day and consuming enough minerals in the body.
If you get a feet cramp or cramp in another part of your legs, this trick will help you to successfully deal with it.
Take your toes and strongly pull them towards you. If the pain is too strong and intense, try to hold this position with one hand and use the other one to massage the affected muscle. The cramp should soothe within seconds.